Scratch Test(微奈壓刮痕及塗層膜厚磨損測試設備)

CSM Scratch Testers are dedicated instruments for characterizing the surface mechanical properties of thin films and coatings, e.g. adhesion, fracture and deformation. The scratch tester's ability to characterize the film-substrate system and to quantify parameters such as friction and adhesive strength, using a variety of complementary methods, makes it an invaluable tool for research, development and quality control.

CSM  的刮痕測試設備是專用於測定薄膜及鍍層的表面機械性質特徵的儀器. 使用各種互補的方法, 這些刮痕測試設備在測定 薄膜--基材 的特徵以及在如摩擦力及附著力等參數定量的能力,  使其成為一個用於研究, 發展及品質管制上具有無限價值的工具.

This technique involves generating a controlled scratch with a sharp tip on a selected area. The tip material (commonly diamond or hard metal (WC)) is drawn across the coated surface under constant, incremental or progressive load.
At a certain critical load the coating will start to fail. The critical loads are very precisely detected by means of an acoustic sensor (MST_微微刮痕測試機 & RST) attached to the load arm but can also be confirmed and collated with observations from a built-in optical microscope.

這項技術涉及以一個探針, 在所選的面積製造出一個受到控制的刮痕.
在某一臨界的負載時, 鍍膜層會開始失效. 這些臨界的負載, 以聲音感應器的方法(MST 及RST)精確地被偵測到. 聲音感應器被連在加載臂上, 但仍然能由內建的光學顯微鏡的觀察來進行確認與核對.

The critical load data is used to quantify the adhesive properties of different film - substrate combinations. 
In addition to acoustic emission, the Scratch Testers measure the applied normal force, the tangential (friction) force and the penetration depth. These parameters, together with the acoustic emission data, provide the mechanical signature of the coating system.

此臨界的負載數據即是用來定量不同 薄膜--基材 組合的附著力性質.
除了聲音的發出以外, 此刮痕測試設備量測所施加的法線力量, 切線力量(磨擦), 以及穿透的深度. 這些參數
, 聲音發出的數據合起來, 提供了鍍膜系統的特徵簽章.

Related documents(相關文件)

Scratch Catalog


Products catalogs


Application Bulletin n°34(產品公報)

Characterization of the scratch resistance of ceramic tiles(磁磚抗刮痕特徵測試)

Application Bulletin n°33 (產品公報)

Applications of the ConScan Surface Profilometer (ConScan 表面型貌量測儀的應用)

Application Bulletin n°32 (產品公報)

Characterization of thermal spray coatings by  instrumented indentation and scratch testing Part II:  Indentation of plasma sprayed coatings.(以儀器及刮痕測試量測熱噴塗層特徵, 第二部份: 電漿噴灑鍍膜的壓痕)

Application Bulletin n°30 (產品公報)

Nanoindentation and Nanoscratch of Oxide Coatings on Thin Film Polymer Substrates .Measurement of Acoustic Emission during Microindentation (在薄膜聚合物基材上的氧化物鍍膜的 奈米壓痕及奈米刮痕. 在微壓痕過程中所發出聲音的測量.)

Application Bulletin n°28 (產品公報)

Characterization of thermal spray coatings by instrumented indentation and scratch testing: Part l(以儀器的壓痕及刮痕測試, 量測熱噴塗層 的特徵, 第一部份)

Application Bulletin n°27 (產品公報)

Mechanical properties of ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) films with an influence of the nucleation density on the structure  

超耐米結晶鑽石薄膜的機械性質, 以及對於在其結媾上的成核(現象)密度的影響.

Application Bulletin n°26 (產品公報)

The Influence of the Rockwell Indenter Tip Geometry on the Progressive Load Scratch Test  

Rockwell 壓痕探針的幾何型狀對於漸變加載刮痕測試的影響.

Application Bulletin n°25 (產品公報)

Influence of indenter tip radius on the scratch resistance of an automotive clearcoat  


Application Bulletin n°18 (產品公報)

Indentation, Tribology and Scratch Test Standards  

壓痕, 磨損學及刮痕測試的標準.

Application Bulletin n°16 (產品公報)

- Automotive Applications (汽車應用 )
- Tribometer Lifetime Study of Wheel Bearings
- Elasto-plastic properties of polymeric varnishes(
- Wear properties of rubber seals
- Friction and wear on Brake Pads 
- Hardness of DLC-coated tappets 
- Controlled lubricant studies 
- Scratch resistance of chrome-plated trim 
(鍍鉻鑲邊的刮痕阻力)- Adhesion of polymeric bumper paint (塑膠保險槓塗層的附著力)
- Mechanical properties of automotive tyre

Application Bulletin n°15 (產品公報)

- Characterization of Polymers(塑合物的特徵測定)
- Quality Control of Minidisk polymer topcoat with Nano Scratch Tester and Tribometer
- Nano Scratch method developed as reference test for polymeric automobile topcoats
- Failure properties of nail varnish investigated with the Micro Scratch Teste

Application Bulletin n°14 (產品公報)

- Measurement of hardness as a function of depth in nitrided 316L stainless steel(應度的量測與 316不鏽鋼 氮化深度的函術關係)
- Scratch Test Atlas of typical failure modes obtained in scratch testing with the Revetest instrument 
- High-Temp. Tribometer for friction comparison of automobile brake pad materials
(高溫下的摩擦計測試, 用於比較汽車煞車皮的材質)

Application Bulletin n°13 (產品公報)

- Influence of tip size on the critical load during scratch testing with the Micro Scratch Tester (探針尺吋在以微刮痕刮測試機進行痕測時,對於臨界加載的影響)
- Failure of TiN-coated polymer measured with the Pin-on-Disk Tribometer 
(以Pin-on-Disk 的磨損學測試機所測得的聚合物上用氮化鈦作批覆的失效情型)

- Nano-Scratch Tester (NST) for measurement of dielectric thin films(耐米刮痕測試機用於絕緣體薄膜的量測)

Application Bulletin n°12

- Micro-Electronic Applications (微電子應用)
- Nano-Scratch Tester (NST) for characterizing anti-stiction coatings for Microsystems 
- In-situ Integrated Circuit (IC) characterization with the Nano Hardness Tester (NHT)
- Quality control of Micro-Slit reflective coating with the Nano-Scratch Tester (NST)

Application Bulletin n°11 (產品公報)

- Nanoindentation with spherical indenters for characterization of stress-strain properties (以球型壓痕器的耐米壓痕測試, 用於應力--應變  的性質的特徵量測)
- Characterization of IC bonded gold wires with the Nano Hardness Tester (NHT) 
 (以耐米硬度測試機, 量測 IC 連接金線的特徵)
- New Nano-Scratch Tester (NST) allows better magnetic hard disk characterization

Application Bulletin n°09 (產品公報)

- MST Swinging Module for variable frequency scratch testing (MST 震盪模組用於不同頻率的刮痕測試)
- Combined NHT/SFM for investigation the mechanical properties of Cr2O3 thin films 
(結合 NHT/SFM , 用於檢測 Cr2O3(氧化鉻)薄膜的機械性質)
- New Industrial Calotest allows greater flexibility for measuring over/undersized samples
(新的工業用的 Calotest 允許在測量數百個以上的樣品時有更大的彈性)  

Application Bulletin n°08 (產品公報)

- New Industrial Calotest for improved coating thickness determination(新的工業用的 Calotest 用於增進薄披覆度的測定) 
- Micro Hardness Tester (MHT) for fracture toughness determination of brittle materials 
- New Tribometer option for reciprocating wear testing of plasticised tickets 
- Low-load Micro Scratch Tester (MST) for characterization of thin polymer films

Application Bulletin n°07 (產品公報)

- Forthcoming Nano Scratch Tester (NST) for characterization of ultra-thin films (即將到來的超薄薄膜的特徵量測的奈米刮痕測試機)

- Micro structured silicon wafers compared with the CSM Tribometer (以CSM摩擦計比較微結構矽晶圓)
- Combined NHT/SFM for investigating the tip defect of common indenters
(結合 NHT/SFM 用於檢查常見的壓痕 )

Application Bulletin n°06 (產品公報)

- Micro Scratch Tester (MST) for assessing the scratch resistance of SiO2 passivation layers (刮痕測試機(MST)用於測定SiO2鈍化層)
- High-Vacuum Tribometer for MoS2 alloy characterization
- Combined NHT/SFM for characterization of Silicon materials
(結合 NHT/SFM 用矽材料的特徵測定)

Application Bulletin n°04 (產品公報)

- Modified Pin-on-Disc Tribometer for controlled lubricant studies (用於可控性潤滑劑研究的改良式Pin-on-Disc磨擦計)
- Diamond knife for MST characterization of coated optical fibers 
- Controlling magnetic hard disk adhesion to ceramic substrates with the MST 
( 以 MST 控制磁應碟在陶磁基材上的附著)
- Scanning force microscopy of low load indentations into aluminum thin films

Application Bulletin n°03 (產品公報)

- New integrated SFM objective for better characterization of NHT indentations (用於更好的耐米硬度測試機作壓痕特徵測定的新的探針掃描顯微鏡的物鏡)

- Modified Micro Scratch Tester (MST) for im­proved force resolution at low loads (改良的微刮痕測試機 用於增進低加載時的力量解析度)
- Hard coating characterisation with the CSM Tribometer

(以CSM 磨擦計量測堅硬披覆層的特徵量測).

Application Bulletin n°01(產品公報)

- New Nano-Hardness Tester (NHT) for characterization of MoS2 thin films (新的微硬度測試機用於MoS2 薄膜的特徵測定) 
- Automobile bumper paint adhesion analyzed using Micro Scratch Tester (MST) 
- Using CSM's Revetest (RVT) scratch-tester for Rockwell indentation
(用CSM's Revetest微刮痕測試機於Rockwell 壓痕測試)  
- Hard coating characterization with the Revetest 
(用CSM的 Revetest 作堅硬披覆層的特徵量測).